$40 billion in US aid: what will this money be used for?

On Saturday, May 21, US President Joe Biden signed an important law on additional allocations for Ukraine for 2022. He didn’t even wait to return from an official visit to South Korea, the law was delivered and the procedure of signing the document was carried out right during the visit, which is not often. The law provides nearly $40 billion in emergency funding to support Ukraine’s fight against the Russian invasion. But what exactly will this money go to? The detailed schedule of expenses was given on Facebook by Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the United States Oksana Markarova.

$23.75 billion – for security and defense assistance to Ukraine, as well as US efforts to strengthen European security. In particular:

  • $6 billion for the Initiative for the Promotion of Ukraine’s Security, including the provision of weapons, military equipment, training, logistical support for logistics, intelligence support for Ukraine’s defense and security forces;
  • $4 billion for the US State Department’s Foreign Military Funding Program to further support Ukraine and NATO’s eastern flank countries in building and strengthening their defense capabilities;
  • 8.7 billion to replenish US stockpiles of weapons and military equipment provided to Ukraine;
  • $3.9 billion to the European Command Operations for mission support, intelligence support, additional arms and equipment;
  • $550 million to purchase critical munitions to increase US Department of Defense stockpiles and develop strategies to protect systems identified for possible future exports;
  • $600 million – to reduce existing constraints on the industrial base to accelerate missile production and expand critical mineral production capabilities.

That is, as you can see, not all military support is directed to Ukraine, some goes to partners to reimburse costs, some remains in the United States to accelerate arms production, development and so on.

$9 billion – for additional economic and technical assistance to Ukraine, namely:

  • $8 billion to respond to urgent needs in Ukraine, including direct budget support;
  • $400 million to support law enforcement and the rule of law in Ukraine, in particular to investigate and document war crimes and human rights violations;
  • $100 million to protect against the effects of chemical, biological and nuclear threats, and to expand demining programs;
  • $500 million to support the EBRD in meeting Ukraine’s economic and energy needs.

But almost all economic support is directed at Ukraine, and this is even more important, so without the economy it is impossible to finance the war.

$6.58 billion – for additional humanitarian aid to address food security at the global level, as well as assistance to people affected by Russia’s aggression against Ukraine:

  • $4.35 billion to provide food aid to people around the world suffering from famine due to Russia’s war against Ukraine, as well as to meet other urgent humanitarian needs of the population in Ukraine;
  • $900 million – to help refugees from Ukraine in the United States, to live, learn English, post-traumatic support, school, etc .;
  • $760 million – to prevent and respond to global food threats;
  • $350 million for humanitarian aid to refugees from Ukraine;
  • $150 million to help countries, including Ukraine, mitigate the impact of rising food prices;
  • $54 million for medical care for refugees from Ukraine in the United States;
  • $20 million for additional humanitarian aid.

Judging by this section, the United States is going to feed the whole world while the Russians steal Ukrainian grain. Of course, this is US money, but it would be more logical to get done with Russia and let Ukraine do its job, that is, feed the world.

In addition, the US Department of Justice will finance the seizure and sale of confiscated property of Russian oligarchs related to the invasion of Ukraine ($67 million), US Treasury measures to monitor Russian financial activity ($52 million), and resume the US embassy in Ukraine ($327 million).

Thanks Mr. Biden, the US Senate, and Congress. This is an important step towards victory.

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